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Roulette History

From what and how the roulette game evolved

I'll tell you one thing .It's not easy researching roulette history. It seems that the people in those days were happy to play the game but did not take the time to document it for posterity. We do not know much about roulette until the 17th century. This leads us to speculate that roulette originates from Asia, China to be more precise.

Starting with the 17th century we have more documents on the game of roulette. The wheel was invented in Europe some time in the 17th and 18th century. In the late 18th century gamblers used a type of wheel that was very similar to the one we use today. This wheel had all the numbers 1 to 36, plus 0 and 00. The numbers were either red or black, just as wee see on a modern wheel nowadays. The difference was that 0 was red and 00 was black. This confused the players, so the color was changed to green.

The roulette wheel was modified in the 19th century. It is in this period of time that the 00 slot was removed. Fewer slots meant better odds for the player. This change was welcomed by all the roulette players and had a beneficial effect on the game's popularity. More people began to play roulette as a result of this change.

Nowadays there are two types of wheels. European wheels with a 0 slot and American wheels with a 0 and a 00 slot. You will find a 00 slot only on American wheels and only in the U.S. will you find this type of wheel. American casinos generally have only American wheels, but some of them have European wheels as well. Players like playing European wheels because they offer better odds and a lower house advantage.

The latest addition to roulette was made by Europe and Atlantic City. They introduced the "En Prison" option, an option that increases the player's odds. This is how "En Prison" works. If you have made an even money bet like Even-Odd, Red-Black, High-Low and the winning number is 0 or 00, you have two options:

  1. You can "imprison" your bet. This means that you do not lose your money. The house does not take your money, the chips remain on the table, but the bet remains active and the win or lose outcome will be established on the next spin.

  2. You can surrender your bet. Surrendering will cost you half your initial bet. Make sure to tell the croupier if you want to surrender the bet. He will assume you want to "imprison" your bet because most players choose to imprison it rather that surrendering it.



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